A observância do direito internacional humanitário pela união europeia – UE

Authors

  • Roberto Luiz Silva
  • Flávia Resende Ferreira e Melo

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46814/lajdv5n1-009

Keywords:

direito internacional humanitário, união europeia, conflitos armados, operações militares

Abstract

O presente artigo tem como objetivo analisar a observância do Direito Internacional Humanitário pela União Europeia. Primeiramente, o trabalho visa identificar as normas de Direito Internacional Humanitário na ordem jurídica europeia. Em seguida, a aplicabilidade do Direito Internacional Humanitário nas operações militares da União Europeia é abordada. Posteriormente, é feita análise sobre a promoção do Direito Internacional Humanitário pela União Europeia. Por fim, conclui- se que que a União Europeia reconhece o Direito Internacional Humanitário na sua ordem jurídica e nas suas operações militares, sobretudo em caso de conflitos armados. No entanto, é na promoção da observância do Direito Internacional Humanitário que a União Europeia exerce o seu papel mais relevante.

References

BOTHE, Michael. Rights and obligations of the EU and its Member States to ensure compliance with IHL and IHRL in relation to the situation of the oPt. Legal Expert Opinion. Diakonia, Stockholm, p. 1-23, July 2018. Disponível em: https://www.diakonia.se/globalassets/blocks-ihl-site/ihl-file-list/ihl--expert- opionions/bothe.-july-18.-eu-obligations-under-il.pdf. Acesso em: 20 out. 2020.

BRESLIN, Andrea. Ensuring Respect: The European Union's Guidelines on Promoting Compliance with International Humanitarian Law. Israel Law Review, Cambridge, vol. 43, i. 2, p. 381-413, 2010. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021223700000819

CARRON, Djemila; SASSÒLI, Marco. EU Law and International Humanitarian Law. In: PATTERSON, Dennis; SÖDERSTEN, Anna (eds). A Companion to European Union Law and International Law. West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons, 2016, p. 413-426. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119037712.ch27

CRUM, Ben; PALM, Trineke. Military operations and the EU’s identity as an international security actor. European Security, London, v. 8, n. 4, p. 513–534, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09662839.2019.1667769

DANY, Charlotte. Politicization of Humanitarian Aid in the European Union. European Foreign Affairs Review, Leiden, vol. 20, i. 3, p. 419-437, 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.54648/EERR2015035

FALCO, Valentina. Old Continent, New Wars: The European Union and International Humanitarian Law. European University Institute Working Papers, San Domenico di Fiesoli, p. 1-19, 2008. Disponível em: https://www.ies.be/files/repo/conference2008/EUinIA_I_2_Falco.pdf. Acesso em: 06 nov. 2020.

FALCO, Valentina. The Internal Legal Order of the European Union as a Complementary Framework for its Obligations under IHL. International Law Forum of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem Law Faculty Research Paper, n. 19, p. 168- 205, Oct. 2009. Disponível em: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1488874. Acesso em: 21 out. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021223700000492

GERMOND, Basil; SMITH, Michael. Re-Thinking European Security Interests and the ESDP: Explaining the EU's Anti-Piracy Operation. Contemporary Security Policy, London, vol. 30, i. 3, p. 573-593, 2009. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13523260903327741

HENCKAERTS, Jean Marie. Binding Armed Opposition Groups through Humanitarian Treaty and Customary Law. In: BRUGES COLLOQUIUM: Relevance of International Humanitarian Law to NonState Actors, 25th-26th October 2002, Bruges. Proceedings […]. Bruges: COLLEGIUM, n. 27, 2003.

KIRCHNER, Emil. Common Security and Defence Policy peace operations in the Western Balkans: impact and lessons learned. European Security, London, v. 22, n. 1, p. 36-54, 2013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09662839.2012.749865

LEINO, Päivi. Politics, power and good intentions in the EU development policy. In: FERREIRA, Nuno; KOSTAKOPOULOU, Dora (eds). The Human Face of the European Union. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2016. p. 367-392. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139924795.016

MUHERINA, Meliha; PEJIC, Nina; PULKO Ivana Boštjančič. Analysing the Effectiveness of EUFOR Althea Operation in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Journal on European Perspectives of the Western Balkans, Menges, vol. 08, n. 2, p. 85-114, Oct. 2016

NAERT, Frederik. International Law Aspects of the EU’s Security and Defence Policy, with a particular focus on the Law of the Armed Conflict. Ph. D Thesis. Faculty of Law of the Catholic University of Leuven, 2008. Disponível em: https://limo.libis.be/primo-explore/fulldisplay?docid=LIRIAS1853462&context=L&vid=Lirias&search_scope=Liri as&tab=default_tab&lang=en_US&fromSitemap=1. Acesso em: 26 out. 2020.

NAERT, Frederik. Observance of international humanitarian law by forces under the command of the European Union. International Review of the Red Cross, Cambridge, vol. 95, i. 891-892, p. 637-644, 2013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1816383114000058

NAERT, Frederik. The Application of Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law in Drafting EU Missions’ Mandates and Rules of Engagement. KU Leuven Institute for International Law Working Paper Series, n. 151, p. 1-18, Oct. 2011. Disponível em: https://urm.lt/uploads/default/documents/Lietuva%20regione%20ir%20pasaulyje/Isida rbibimas/mandates.pdf. Acesso em: 20 oct. 2020.

ÖZVERI, Derya. EU’s Impact on Congo Conflict through Operation Artemis: An Early Attempt for Crisis Management Capacity? 24rd. Annual International Association of Conflict Management Conference Paper, p. 1-7, July 2011. Disponível em: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1872138. Acesso em: 16 jan. 2022.

SASSÒLI, Marco. The Implementation of International Humanitarian Law: Current and Inherent Challenges of International Humanitarian Law. Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Hague, vol. 10, p. 45-73, 2007. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S1389135907000451

SCHMIDT, Julia. The European Union and the Use of Force. Leiden: Brill Nijhoff, 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004356078

ZWANENBURG, Marten. The duty to respect International Humanitarian Law during European Union-led Operations. In: SARI, Aurel; WESSEL, Ramses A. (eds.). Human Rights in EU Crisis Management Operations: A Duty to Respect and to Protect? The Hague: Asser Institute, Cleer Working Papers 2012, n.6, p. 63-78. Disponível em: https://www.asser.nl/upload/documents/20121221T112600-CLEER%20Working%20Paper.pdf. Acesso em: 20 de out. 2020.

Downloads

Published

2023-01-20

How to Cite

SILVA, R. L.; FERREIRA E MELO, F. R. A observância do direito internacional humanitário pela união europeia – UE. Latin American Journal of Development, [S. l.], v. 5, n. 1, p. 139–154, 2023. DOI: 10.46814/lajdv5n1-009. Disponível em: https://ojs.latinamericanpublicacoes.com.br/ojs/index.php/jdev/article/view/1245. Acesso em: 22 jun. 2024.
<br data-mce-bogus="1"> <br data-mce-bogus="1">