A new approach to teaching anatomy

Uma nova abordagem para o ensino de anatomia

Authors

  • Patrízia Lisieux Prado Paixão
  • Alberto Calson Alves Vieira
  • Alexia Desirée Prado Paixão
  • Clarissa Teixeira dos Santos
  • Adriana de Oliveira Guimarães
  • Richard Halti Cabral

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46919/archv3n7-001

Keywords:

anatomy, educational technology, games

Abstract

The study of human anatomy means knowing the structures that make up the human body and how they are related. Since the inclusion of this discipline in the academic curriculum, many traditional universities have promoted its teaching through the exposure of anatomical structures, being considered by some authors and students as monotonous and difficult to learn. Therefore, the objective of this research is to create a tool that helps the learning of traditional anatomy using technology. For this, a game was developed, through the Waterfall methodology, adding learning techniques to it. It was initially chosen to teach the main structures of the skeletal system with a total of 20 games and 14 games on the muscular system. The game was divided into axial and peripheral structures, enabling individualized learning of each region of the body. The game is based on the identification of structures, and the student is encouraged to mark the region that corresponds to the requested structure. After finishing the game, the player will see the hit rate and the time spent during the exercise. In addition, this tool will demonstrate to students and teachers a new way of approaching human anatomy, not escaping from traditional methods, but serving as a complement to it, helping in learning and content retention. The segment of this research will be to assess the level of learning before and after the use of this teaching methodology.

References

Alves L, Bianchin, MA, 2010. O jogo como recurso de aprendizagem. Rev. Psicopedagogia, vol. 27 n. 83, p 281-287.

Atkin C, Brock C, 2012. Education and Minorities. London: Continuum. p 178-188.

Colares MAC.2019. Human anatomy teaching methodologies: strategies to reduce difficulties and provide a better teaching process. Arqmudi, vol.23, n.3, p140-160.

Damasceno SAN, Cória-Sabini MA, 2003. Ensinar e aprender: saberes e práticas de professores de anatomia humana. Rev. Psicopedagogia, vol. 20, p 243-254.

Depresbiteris L, Tavares MR. 2017. Diversificar é preciso...: Instrumentos e técnicas de avaliação de aprendizagem. São Paulo, Brasil, Editora Senac São Paulo, p 192.

Drake RL, Vogl W, Mitchell AWM, 2005. Gray’s: Anatomia para Estudantes. Elsevir. Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. p 1 – 11.

Moore KL, Dalley AF, Agur AMR, 2014. Anatomia orientada para clínica. 7 ed. Rio de Janeiro, Brasil: Koogan, 1307 p.

Morano DACMS, 2021. Convergência entre gamificação e metodologias ativas: ferramentas no ensino de anatomia humana. Fortaleza, Brasil, 2021.

Salbego C, Oliveira EMD, Silva MAR, Bugança PR, 2015. Percepções acadêmicas sobre o ensino e a aprendizagem em anatomia humana. Rev. bras. educ. med. Vol. 39 n 1, p 23-31.

Schuenke M, Schulte E, Schumacher U, 2005. Atlas of Anatomy: General Anatomy and Musculoskeletal System. Thieme, 1ed, 541p.

Silva A, Mettrau M, Barreto M, 2007. O lúdico no processo de ensino-aprendizagem das ciências. RBEP, vol. 88 n. 220, p 445-458.

Silva-Filho FC, Pereira AC, 2020. The use of digital games for teaching gross anatomy: an experience report. RSD, vol. 9 n. 9

Singer C, 1996. Uma breve história da anatomia e fisiologia desde os gregos até Harvey. Campinas, Brasil: Editora da Unicamp, 234 p.

Siqueira-Neto EGB, Ferreira JR, 2001. O ensino da anatomia humana no curso de medicina da Universidade Federal de Goiás - Avaliação e perspectivas. Arq. Ciênc. Saúde Unipar, vol. 5, n. 1, p 41-50.

Talamoni ACB, Filho CB. 2014. Anatomy and the teaching of anatomy in Brazil: the Boverian school. História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos, vol.21, n.4, p1301 – 1322.

Tomás MR, Moniz A, 2009. Métodos ágeis: características, pontos fortes e fracos e possibilidades de aplicação. Monte de Caparica, Portugal, IET Working Papers Series. 19p.

Published

2022-11-07

How to Cite

PAIXÃO, P. L. P.; VIEIRA, A. C. A.; PAIXÃO, A. D. P.; SANTOS, C. T. dos; GUIMARÃES, A. de O.; CABRAL, R. H. A new approach to teaching anatomy: Uma nova abordagem para o ensino de anatomia. Journal Archives of Health, [S. l.], v. 3, n. 7, p. 695–703, 2022. DOI: 10.46919/archv3n7-001. Disponível em: https://ojs.latinamericanpublicacoes.com.br/ojs/index.php/ah/article/view/1182. Acesso em: 23 may. 2024.

Most read articles by the same author(s)